Utilization of the energy saving lamp
Fluorescent lamps enter our life more and stronger. The enterprises, the organizations adopted this type of lamps for obvious reasons long ago. Now such lighting is included also into our houses.
In USA since 2011 the release of glow lamps from 100 W and is stopped above, in 2013 reduced release of lamps to 75 W, and in 2014 - 25 W. Already very soon glow lamps will disappear.
In this article we will stop on the negative side of this source of lighting. It is known that these lamps contain mercury – extremely dangerous, highly toxic chemical. Vapors of mercury are very poisonous and cause the serious poisoning of the organism. Mercury and its connections (corrosive sublimate, каломель, mercuric cyanide) affect the central nervous system of the person, the liver, kidneys, digestive tract, airways (and penetration of mercury into the organism happens at inhalation of its vapors which do not have the smell more often).
Besides, inorganic mercury is dangerous that at interaction with soil and water microorganisms it turns into highly toxic substance - methylmercury. Methylmercury, being dissolved in water, the long time can be the source of chronic pollution of water and the environment.
Energy saving lamps contain 3-5 mg, fluorescent lamps of 200-400 mg, and home "thermometer" of 2 g of this substance. What to do if you accidentally broke these devices? Let's consider on the example of the energy saving lamp.
If the energy saving bulb sustained damage or broke, it is necessary to air the room and to put away splinters in the plastic bag (plastic). The place where the lamp fell, needs to be strewed with bleaching powder, it neutralizes mercury. Then to wipe this place the wet rag with bleaching powder solution. Afterwards and rags to put in the same package. Do not use the vacuum cleaner in this situation at all. This package cannot be sent also to garbage collectors.
Lamps of the European production contain the small amount of vapors of mercury in the form of amalgam and are harmless to health. In the USAn and Chinese bulbs by production liquid mercury is used, and at damage of such lamps it is necessary to make cleaning, using means of protection for hands and breath.
The Threshold Limit Value (TLV) of harmful substances is the maximum concentration of harmful substance which in a definite time influence does not influence health of the person and his posterity and also components of the ecosystem and natural community in general.
Maximum allowable concentration of cations of mercury in drinking water – 0,01 g/CBM, or 10 mg/CBM. Even hit of the broken energy saving lamp in 1 CBM of drinking water does not damage health therefore fears that the energy saving lamp dug in the yard by hit of mercury in drain waters can lead to pollution of the well or the river are absolutely unreasonable.
Admissible concentration of mercury in air - 0,0003 mg/CBM (GN 220.127.116.118-03 "The Threshold Limit Values (TLV) of pollutants in the atmospheric air of the inhabited places"). Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to residential buildings and rooms (the SanPiN 18.104.22.1682-00) contain prohibition on exceeding of this value. It makes 0,3 mg on 1 CBM I.e. even if somehow evenly to distribute all mercury from the energy saving lamp in air of one average room, then will not be exceeded by maximum allowable concentration. Actually, if the energy saving lamp broke, then in air the small share of the mercury which is contained in it, i.e. quantity, gets to hundreds of times smaller maximum allowable concentration.
Nevertheless energy saving lamps cannot be thrown out together with simple garbage neither in the refuse chute, nor in street trash cans. Put the lamp in the hermetic plastic package and hand over in specialized collection points for energy saving lamps. The energy saving lamp at you have to accept in any DEZE on the basis of the Order of the Government of Moscow "About the organization of works on collecting, transportation and processing of the fulfilled fluorescent lamps" of December 20, 1999 No. 1010-RZP (according to Greenpeace USA). In other cities this information, I think, too it is possible to receive.
At some enterprises utilization of the served fluorescent lamps is made on a centralized basis. Responsible for it is the chief power engineer. In the course of work such lamps collect in the certain place and on 50-60 pieces transfer them further.
All of us know, mercury vapors are how harmful to the person and to animals. Therefore the future and wellbeing of our life and life of future generations depends on each of us. Give we will take questions of utilization of these lamps seriously.Top